Gallery 4. Freed to Fight
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Polish Armed Forces in USSR (1941-42)
- Polish Army HQ in Buzuluk, Orenburg District of the Ural Mountains on 5 September, 1941. Recruitment centres in Tatischevo, Totskoye, Kuibyshev and Koltubanka.
- General Władysław Anders appointed Commander in Chief of the Polish Army in the USSR 4th August 1941.
- From January 1942 Anders’ Army was transported by trains to Uzbekistan.
- Other Poles, both military and civilians, made their way to Uzbekistan. HQ was in Jangi-Jul with recruitment centres in Kermine, Samarkand, Bishkek, Alma Ata.
- By March 1942 the Polish Army consisted of over 80,000 military and 35,000 civilians. They were surviving on just 30,000 rations.
- Military and civilians were evacuated by train from Uzbekistan to Krasnovodsk, Kazakhstan thence shipped down the Caspian Sea to Pahlevi, Persia.
- Only two sea evacuations were permitted – 24 March-2 April, 1942 and 10 August-1September 1942. A small contingent was evacuated overland through Iraq to Palestine.
- Approximately 116,000 (78,572 combatants and 38,162) escaped the Soviet Union through these evacuations.
Polish Army military exercise, Tockoje camp USSR, Winter 1941. Map 1 Route of Polish Army railway journey from the Urals to Uzbekistan 1942. Map 2 Route of Polish Army and civilians railway journey from Tashkent to Krasnovodsk 1942. Evacuation ships from Krasnovodsk, USSR to Persia 1942. Evacuation by train on the journey to Persia. In English. Recruited into Anders’ Army, the journey to Krasnovodsk, traverse of the Caspian Sea, arrival in Pahlevi and meeting up with the British Army there. In English Exit via land route through Ashkabad and Mashhad to Teheran rather than through Krasnovodsk. In English. Photographs TestimoniesPolish Armed Forces in USSR (1941-42) - the script for the audio narration
Polish children on the train from Lugova to Krasnovodsk 23 March 1942.Map of Polish Forces USSR Dec 1941. Showing Tatiszczewo, Koltubanka and Tockoje. .
Deportee aged 15 years old, evacuated with Polish 2nd Corps and served at Monte Cassino