Gallery 7. Refugees
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Polish Refugees in Africa (1942-50)
- Over half the 33,000 Polish refugees transferred around the world, that is 18,000, went to Africa in 1942 and 1943.
- Travelling on British ships to ports in Kenya, Tanganyika and Mozambique, the refugees were dispersed to settlements in the British colonies of Uganda, Kenya and Tanganyika, also to South Africa, North and South Rhodesia.
- The majority of civilians in Africa were women, children and teenage girls.
- There were 19 camps in total: Uganda – Masindi and Koya on Lake Victoria; Kenya – Rongai, Manira, Makindu, Nairobi and Nyali near Mombassa; Tanganyika – Tengeru (with 4,000 refugees) plus several smaller camps in other locations; South Africa – Oudtshoorn, as well as camps in North and South Rhodesia.
- Former prisoner of war buildings or specially built settlements now house the refugees throughout Africa.
- In all of the settlements Polish schools, churches, hospitals, culture, community centres and co-operatives were established. .
- Scouting was an important part of life. General Anders 2nd Corps sent instructors out to the camps.
Polish children in Masindi, Africa, 1942 Polish scouts in Masindi, Africa Polish boys in Masindi, Africa Anna Ostrowska in Masindi, Africa Survivor talks about his journey to Africa and arrival at the orphanage at Outdshoorn, South Africa Survivor talks about his journey to Africa Photographs TestimoniesPolish Refugees in Africa (1942-50) - the script for the audio narration
Polish Catholic Church in Masindi Camp, AfricaMap of refugee camps in Africa 1942-1950; Source: Public Domain
Delegate from the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare of the Polish Govt in Exile in London