Gallery 2. Soviet Tyranny
You are in: Room 2c.
Soviet Mass Deportations (1940-41)
- In total 1 to 2 million Polish people were deported into the depths of Russia. They faced forced labour, squalid living conditions, starvation and disease. At least half died.
- Based on the April 2nd 1940 Politburo Resolution, the deportations were organised methodically under the supervision of Beria.
- The first wave on the 10th February 1940 of 220,000 targeted osadniks, the military settlers and foresters. They were sent to forced labour in the arctic north.
- The second wave on the 13th April1940 of 320,000 targeted the “family system of enemies”. They were forcibly resettled in Kazakhstan, 80% of whom were women and children.
- The third in June/July of 1940 of 240,000 targeted refugees from the territories occupied by the Germans.
- The last in June 1941 of 200,000 from the Lithuanian SSR were sent to POW camps and gulags.
- The deportees were crammed into unheated cattle wagons with no sanitation and little food and water. The journeys took approximately one month and many died en route.
Deportees from a Polish town are herded into cattle wagons by the NKVD Deportation of a Polish family from their home by the NKVD Deportation trains were cattle trucks with wooden bunks on both sides of the door, an iron stove in the centre and with a hole cut into the floor to serve as a toilet. 50-70 people were squashed into each wagon! illustration by Telesfor Sobierajski Drawing of barracks in Siberia where Polish exiles lived in cramped and squalid conditions Survivor describes being taken from home by force, in the middle of the night (Polski) Moment deportacji 10.02.1940 r. (Polski) Deportacje z Ukrainy Sowieckiej (Polski) Deportacja osadników wojskowych z Kresów Wschodnich II RP Photographs TestimoniesSoviet Mass Deportations (1940-41) - the script for the audio narration
Deportation of a Polish family from their home by the NKVDMap of the dispersion of Poles from Kresy into the world's largest prison.
Son of Katyn Victim, deported to Kazakhstan 13 April 1940 aged 17 years