Bolesław Makowski - millions of bedbugs

Describing the infestations of bedbugs

Bolesław Makowski - getting water when train stopped

Describing how none of the locals thought it was strange to see them being marched along by armed soldiers.

Leokadia (Muchowska) Opioła - Brother escaped and stayed behind

Describing how her brother escaped and stayed in Poland (the Russians did not realize he was missing). Two of her aunts offered to take the youngest child, but her mother

Tadeusz Kay-Kwiecinski - TKK

Henrzk Bartul gave his permission to use this interview (email to KMS dated Oct 17, 2011)

Zbigniew Rosiński - Arriving in Siberia

Describing the trip to the labour camp in Siberia.

Zbigniew Rosiński - Joined his parents on the train

Describing how his parents were arrested and then deported, and his insistence on joining them on the train

Maria (Załuska) Strońska - Patriotism

Describing how they felt as they were being deported, and how important the loss of one’s country is.

Roger Scazighino - Scarlet fever

Describing how he was treated for scarlet fever in the labour camp.

Irena Jabłońska - Deported to Kazakhstan

They were deported in the spring, and describes the train as having wooden benches at each end to sleep on, a hole in the floor for a toilet, and that

Ludwik Cytera - Written biography of Ludwik Cytera

This is the life story of Ludwik Cytera as discovered and written up by his grandson Christopher Cytera.

Antoni Stelmach - What mother took to Siberia - Searching for Father

Antoni tells how his mother took the family photos and her fox fur to Siberia – she had the fur all through the journey, and still had it when they

Halina (Myszak) Babinska - Unusual circumstance of village not kolkhoz

Halina describes where they were taken by the Soviets. In contrast with most deportees who ended up in labour camps, they were taken to a small village that formed a

Halina (Myszak) Babinska - Mom had prepared ahead

Halina describes how her mother had expected that they would be removed from their home and had prepared two suitcases with the necessities that would be required.

Władysław Niezgoda - Life with Belorussians up to the deportation

Describing how the Poles and Belorussians co-existed in that area, then the Russian invasion and the day of deportation.

Aleksandra (Jarmulska) Rymaszewska - Propganda photos of joyful deportees

Describing how staged photos of the deportees were taken by the Soviets, for propaganda reasons.

Agnieszka (Mysliwa) Smolinska - Gave birth on the train

Agnieszka recounts how she gave birth to her daughter on the 4th day on the train – on 14 February 1940 – while the train was still on the Polish

Stefan Bogusław Mączka -

Bożena Wojciechowska-Osiecka - Poem

Andrzej Wieslaw Dębicki - Dantes Inferno on barges

Andrzej describes the scene on the barges that took them into the depth of Siberia, and compares it with Dante’s inferno.

Andrzej Wieslaw Dębicki - Saved from going to Katyn

He was saved from being sent to Katyn with the other officers because a soldier he had known in Zakopane came up to him and told him to remove the

Jan/John Migut - Describes the barracks

Jan describes how the barracks looked and the conditions they had to sleep in.

Jan/John Migut - Girl in potato sack

Jan tells how a man on the train tried to save his daughter by putting her in a potato sack and lowering her outside the train at one of the

Jan/John Migut - Russians come 10 Feb 1940

Jan describes how the Russians came to get them and others, and take them to the train station.

Henryka (Zalewska) Żukowska - Sister taken from the hospital

Describes the conditions on the train and how her sister’s condition worsened and she was taken from the train to a hospital.

Henryka (Zalewska) Żukowska - Russian told them to take all

Henryka describes how a Russian soldier helped the family by telling them to bring as many things as possible. This helped them survive by having items to barter for food.